Earth blamed as rust found on Moon in solar surprise

There's a huge mass embedded in the center of the moon and astronomers aren't sure what it

When scientists at NASA and the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology evaluated the information just recently, they were shocked to discover tips of hematite, a kind of iron oxide referred to asrust There are a lot of iron-rich rocks on the moon- however rust is just produced when iron is exposed to oxygen and water.

Earth's magnetic field - which is officially called a magnetotail - trails behind the planet as it speeds through space, orbiting our Sun. "But since we discovered water on the Moon, people have been speculating that there could be a greater variety of minerals than we realize if that water had reacted with rocks".

Sharing the disbelief of Li at first and refusing to believe the finding, Fraeman and Sun later confirmed the finding.

Commenting on his discovery, Li said: "It is very puzzling". It all leads to the idea that Earth's atmospheric oxygen could be the major oxidant that produces haematite. "The Moon is a bad environment for haematite to form in". "It shouldn't exist based on the conditions present on the Moon", Fraeman said.

The freaky discovery has left scientists baffled as haematite is an oxidized form of iron that is formed on the Earth only in the presence of both air and water. The Earth's atmosphere could be protecting the Moon as well. These, in turn, could mix with iron in the lunar soil. "The Earth may have played an important role in the evolution of the moon's surface". The scientists opined that the traces of oxygen from Earth moving towards the Lunar surface could have helped in rust formation since the Moon does not have any atmosphere.


The researchers found the locations where hematite is present are strongly correlated with water content at high latitudes and are more concentrated on the nearside, which always faces the Earth. Li said that the guess complies with the data recorded by M3 which found larger presence of Hematite on the surface of Moon which is facing the Earth.

The Moon has been inching away from Earth for billions of years, so it's also possible that more oxygen hopped across this rift when the two were closer in the ancient past. Even though there are all the right conditions for oxidization in the moon, the presence of this solar wind should negatively impact the process. That data could also help explain another mystery: why smaller quantities of hematite are also forming on the far side of the Moon, where the Earth's oxygen shouldn't be able to reach it. One of these features will be able to map water ice on the moon's craters - and "may be able to reveal new details about hematite as well", said the NASA release.

This theory could also explain why rust has been found in other air-free bodies such as asteroids. Another theory propounded by the scientists relates to the role played by the fast moving dust particles that could occasionally release the water particles that could lead to the formation of rust.

Further studies are needed to test the researchers' hypothesis. The probe also carried an instrument built by NASA that could analyze the moon's mineral composition.

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