China has launched one of the most ambitious space missions to date, hoping to catch up on decades on USA technological dominance by going to Mars.
Next up, the United States is set to launch its Perseverance rover to our neighboring planet July 30 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.
China blasted off a Mars probe on a rocket that aims to eventually land a rover. In February, the probe is expected to reach Mars where it will deploy a rover to explore the planet for 90 days.
The first microphone is a part of the EDL (entry, descent, and landing) system which ensures Perseverance safely lands on Mars' surface.
"China joining (the Mars race) will change the situation dominated by the USA for half a century", said Chen Lan, an independent analyst at GoTaikonauts.com, which specialises in China's space programme.
The quest to solve Mars' mysteries makes the name of China's latest mission even more fitting.
The rover will bundle its most fascinating rock samples into small tubes that will be still left on the area of Mars for retrieval and return to Earth by afterwards missions.
But apart from the paper, the China National Space Administration (CNSA) hasn't given many details about the Tianwen-1 mission. He added that the launch was a "key step of China marching towards farther deep space".
The rover's journey began at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, the place the automobile was constructed earlier than being totally examined in preparation for its hard Mars mission.
This is a instrument that incorporates two imagers and two laser spectroscopes, which together will investigate the geology of the rover's landing website - a 40km-huge crater named Jezero.
NASA declared on July 22 that the mission had passed its flight readiness review, which features a preparedeness evaluation of the spacecraft, rocket, treatments and personnel.
Despite elevated political tensions between the us and China, "I don't think these missions have anything to do with dominance [of space]", Logsdon said.
It is not China's first attempt to go to Mars. Recently, Baidu App worked with the Mars mission to host a livestream program where scientists shared authoritative knowledge about outer space.
Still, Logsdon noted that USA legislation prohibits NASA from working with China.
The Red Planet is a notoriously hostile place to send a spacecraft.
Beijing's space programme has made huge strides in recent years as it tries to catch up with the United States and Russian Federation.
"If we ever need to move on from Earth, Mars could be a possible colony", Hou said. The rover's SuperCam instrument will have its personal piece of Mars rock, once more to act as a calibration target.
Baidu has the largest information and knowledge-centered mobile ecosystem in China, said Foyu Yuan, Corporate Vice President of Baidu, which will allow Baidu to attract netizens at home and overseas to participate in the naming of China's first Mars rover.
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