Pompeo highlighted a report about the situation in China's Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region by German researcher Adrian Zenz published by the Washington-based Jamestown Foundation think tank.
Those who refuse are regularly detained-per explicit government directions-in the region's network of internment camps, believed to hold up to 1.8 million Uyghurs and other Muslim minorities.
Zenz drew from a sizable cache of official documents to compile the report, as well as interviews with former internment camp detainees.
Documents from 2019 revealed plans for a campaign of mass female sterilisation targeting 14 percent and 34 percent of all married women of childbearing age in two Uighur counties, Zenz wrote.
One former inmate spoke of watching a Uyghur woman forced by camp guards to confess that she "gave birth to too many children" because she was "uneducated and know little about the law". "It will make them easier to assimilate into the mainstream Chinese population".
The report accuses Beijing of engaging in "a policy of Han settler colonialism".
"Does the Minister recognise that the CCP's [Chinese Communist Party] actions in Xinjiang reflect a wider pattern of behaviour of increasingly authoritarian policies at home and aggressive expansionism overseas, including in Hong Kong, Ladakh and the South China sea", he questioned.
Budget documents obtained by Zenz show that starting in 2016, the Xinjiang government began pumping tens of millions of dollars into a birth control surgery program.
Zenz added that the findings raise concerns about whether China's forced suppression of minority population can be characterised as a "demographic campaign of genocide" under United Nations' definitions.
Women who had fewer than the legally permitted limit of two children were involuntarily fitted with IUDs, says the report.
China forcing birth control on Uighurs to suppress population
What they're saying: China's foreign ministry dismissed the investigation as "fake news", with spokesman Zhao Lijian telling AP in a statement: "Everyone, regardless of whether they're an ethnic minority or Han Chinese, must follow and act in accordance with the law".
US State Secretary Mike Pompeo denounced China Monday following the reports that Beijing forces birth control on Uighurs to suppress their population.
In a statement issued by the State Department later on Monday, Pompeo called Zenz's findings "disturbing", although "sadly consistent with decades of CCP practices that demonstrate an utter disregard for the sanctity of human life and basic human dignity".
Pompeo urged Beijing to immediately end "these horrific practices" and asked all nations to join the U.S. in demanding an end to "these dehumanizing abuses".
"The United States condemns the use of forced population controls against Uighur and other minority women and calls on the CCP to cease its campaign of repression".
"The Chairs condemn the unacceptable violence against #Uyghur women & call for @UN discussion of crimes against humanity", the tweet said, referring to Senator Marco Rubio, a Florida Republican, and Representative Jim McGovern, a democrat from MA.
The World Uyghur Congress, a non-governmental human rights organization, and the multi-partisan Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China (IPAC) issued statements on Monday asking the global community to conduct an investigation into possible crimes against humanity in Xinjiang. A 2017 policy change, under President Xi Jinping, removed the ethnic distinction, permitting Han Chinese to have the same number of children as minorities, while preserving the urban-rural distinction. We have to be direct and honest about what we are experiencing.
"All British companies involved in the region must consider carrying out proper due diligence to ensure that human rights violations have not been taking place in their supply chains", he said.
Other observers said the Chinese program is simply a slow-moving form of genocide, as local birth rates are suppressed while Han Chinese migration into Xinjiang is goosed with subsidies and rewards, including reported cash rewards for intermarriage between Han Chinese and Uyghurs. Parents are reportedly complying with the birthing rules out of fear they will be sent to a detention camp or forced to pay large fines.
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