"The ability to extract and utilize resources on the moon, Mars and asteroids will be critical to support safe and sustainable space exploration and development", agency officials wrote in a description of the Artemis Accords. The agency hopes to modernize worldwide cooperation and in line with this, has published a set of voluntary guidelines. NASA has invited partner nations and organizations to join this agreement to advance the cause of exploration and industry globally.
The progress of space exploration including mining and colonization lacks structure in terms of an global treaty, a gap that NASA is looking to fill with this agreement.
Approximately 105 countries are included in the treaty and 26 others have signed it but have yet to complete ratification. So these usually are not a lot space legal guidelines as shared priorities given fairly strong type. The final frontier of humanity, in terms of space exploration, colonization, and mining should be taken seriously by nations.
Publicly describe policies and plans in a transparent manner.
Publicly provide location and general nature of operations to create "Safety Zones" and avoid conflicts. The Artemis Accords collaboration will ensure that astronauts from numerous countries around the world land on the lunar surface as well as take part in establishing a space station called the Gateway in lunar orbit.
"Protecting historic sites and artifacts will be just as important in space as it is here on Earth", NASA said. The nations should also Plan for the mitigation of orbital debris - timely disposal of end-of-life spacecraft.
"Therefore, at the core of the Artemis Accords is the requirement that all activities will be conducted for peaceful purposes, per the tenets of the Outer Space Treaty", NASA added.
In addition, NASA is known for being exceptionally open with its data and sharing its findings with the wider scientific community, and the accords specify that other partners should follow NASA's example and make their scientific data available quickly and in an open format.
Perform space resource extraction and utilization according to the Outer Space Treaty Articles II, VI and XI.
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