World powers agree to respect arms embargo in Libya’s war

World leaders meet for talks seeking to stop Libya from becoming a 'second Syria'

"Unfortunately the role of the European Union so far has been very modest. even though some European Union countries have a special relationship with Libya, we are neighbours and have many interests in common", he said.

Pompeo made the remarks after Germany brought together the leaders of 11 countries on January 19 for talks aimed at convincing outside powers to stop fueling Libya's civil war with troops, weapons, or financial support.

U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said that the committee would be convened "in Geneva in the coming days".

"We know that we have not solved all of Libya's problems today but we were aiming for fresh momentum", she said at the end of the gathering.

Haftar's forces captured the key Mediterranean coast city of Sirte two weeks ago.

"We call on all parties concerned to redouble their efforts for a sustained suspension of hostilities, de-escalation and a permanent ceasefire", said a draft of a communique to be discussed at the summit, reviewed in advance by Reuters. Both were in Berlin Sunday, but were not at the conference table.

Libya has been in political and social turmoil since 2011 when longtime dictator Moammar Gadhafi was toppled and killed.

That document also urges all parties to re-commit to a much-violated United Nations arms embargo and raises the prospect of intra-Libyan political talks in Geneva at the end of the month.

"That risk was averted in Berlin - provided, of course, that it is possible to maintain the truce and then to move into a cease-fire", he said.


"It would be a mission for monitoring the embargo, and nothing else", he said.

If all goes to plan, the Berlin participants will hold an evening press conference.

Meanwhile, German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said on Monday that the next conference on the Libyan crisis settlement is scheduled for early February and will take place on the level of foreign ministers.

He said countries that weren't invited on January 19 will be given the opportunity to participate in future meetings of the four committees dealing with various aspects of the crisis, among them military issues and the economy.

Guterres expressed his worry that several oil ports and an oilfield had been shut down in Libya, an escalation that threatened to strangle the country's finances and overshadowed the Berlin summit.

"Both sides said they were prepared in principle to find a solution to this", he added, but "it is dependent on various conditions".

The Berlin agreement immediately was met with some skepticism, however.

"This is all very good talk and optics, but there is still no mechanism for enforcement to actively stop a country from violating the arms embargo", said Anas Gamati, the founder of a Tripoli-based think tank, the Sadeq Institute.

It was Libyan National Army (LNA) commander Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar who refused to sign the agreement on a ceasefire in Libya, a diplomatic source in Moscow stated on Monday.

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