Significant impact made in reduction of cancer related deaths

Donald Trump

The report finds death rates saw their biggest drop yet from 2016 to 2017. Reportedly, from 1992 to 2017, total cancer deaths have declined by around 29%, assessed at up to 3 million prevented deaths. Apart from this, a fall in mortality for four significant cancers - colon, prostate, lung, and breast, plays a crucial role. Even more, the effort includes the contribution of enhanced lung cancer survival.

Since 1991, the incidence of lung cancer has declined twice as fast in men as it has in women (51% vs 26%, respectively), which the researchers noted "reflect [s] historical differences in tobacco uptake and cessation, as well as upturns in female smoking prevalence in some birth cohorts".

The decline in the mortality rate over the past 26 years has been steady. The annual report estimates the number of new cancer cases and deaths expected in the United States each year.

According to a study in the journal Lancet last year, an individual diagnosed with pancreatic cancer between 2010 and 2014 had almost twice the likelihood of surviving five years in the US than in the U.K. The five-year survival rate for brain cancer in the 36.5 percent compared to 27.2 percent in France and 26.3 percent in the U.K. For stomach cancer the five-year survival rate is 33.1 percent in the USA compared to 26.7 percent in France and 20.7 percent in the U.K. Most women now know, for example, that mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes increase the risk for breast and ovarian cancers. Over the past few years, the reduced number of mortalities has driven progress in the massive battle against cancer overall. Thus, despite the progress in reducing lung cancer incidence and extending survival for patients diagnosed with it, continued diligence to reduce smoking and understand the causes of this disease in nonsmokers is needed.

Melanoma experienced the steepest decline in cancer mortality due to immunotherapy drugs ipilimumab (Yervoy, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company) and vemurafenib (Zelboraf, Roche), approved by the FDA in 2011, according to the report. Besides this, liver cancer, accountable for the death of an increasing number of people every year, has finally slowed down its lethal march.



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