United Nations chief backs Turkey on climate change talks: Environment minister

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Guterres referenced various United Nations -affiliated reports from recent years, including three released in the weeks leading up to COP 25, the climate conference that will begin Monday and run through December 13.

Greta Thunberg, the 16-year-old climate activist, had planned to go to Chile overland from the United States, where she just wrapped up a tour meeting with officials and students. She later continued to do this every Friday.

While there is scant global action and no binding multilateral treaties to tackle the "global climate emergency", there is robust, even overwhelming agreement in the scientific community that human impact on climate has been enormous in recent years and that "we may have crossed tipping points". She has since become the main guest of major environmental events.

Various prominent climate non-governmental organisations (NGO) and associations are also due to take part in COP25, divided in two operational zones.

The blue zone is to host sessions for negotiations between COP participants. "It is a crucial event for laying the foundations to ensure that in 2020 countries comply with their 2015 Paris Agreement commitments and raise the ambition of their contributions, consistent with science", said Teresa Ribera, Spain's environment minister.

The green zone will be dedicated to civil society initiatives aiming to promote social participation.

He noted that had countries started cutting their emissions drastically a decade ago, reaching the Paris goal would have been much easier.

Cuts in emissions of greenhouse gases - mostly from burning carbon-based fossil fuels - that have been agreed so far under the Paris deal are not enough to limit temperature rises to a goal of between 1.5 and 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

Over the next fortnight, negotiators, business leaders and civil society members from nearly 200 countries, meeting in Madrid for the 25th round of the annual UN-sponsored climate talks, will focus on finalising the framework and modalities that will permit and ensure collaborative action among nations towards the common goal of slowing down global warming.

The aim is to come up with a regulatory framework for a global carbon trading system, a complex issue that falls under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement.

Countries most vulnerable to climate change meanwhile call for more robust climate action from the other nations.

Progress since then has been slow, and emissions have continued to rise while most countries have failed to propose the tougher targets needed to fulfil the goals of the Paris agreement. Check back here for their daily dispatches from the conference and analysis of what this global climate policymaking means for Texas.

US House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi took her duel with President Donald Trump to the summit, pledging that Congress would urgently tackle global warming despite the president's opposition to an worldwide pact.



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