Euphoria grips Sudan as historic transition deal signed

Turkey’s top diplomat in Sudan for official visit

Sudan's main opposition coalition and the ruling military council have signed a final power-sharing deal that paves the way for a transitional government, and eventually elections, following the overthrow of long-time leader Omar al-Bashir.

The TMC has ruled Sudan since April, when the military ousted Omar al-Bashir from the presidency following months of protests against his rule in which scores of people were killed.

Concluded through mediation by Ethiopia and the African Union, this agreement was welcomed with relief on both sides, with demonstrators celebrating the victory of their "revolution" and generals claiming credit for avoiding a civil war.

Under the deal, a sovereign council, consisting of six civilians and five generals, will run the country until elections.

However, the interior and defence ministers are to be chosen by military members of the council.

Videos shared on social media showed hundreds of people on their way to Khartoum on Friday night jubilantly singing but cautious, chanting "Civilian rule, civilian", as they promised to avenge the estimated 250 allegedly killed by security forces since protests began eight months ago.

"The biggest challenge for the government will be the dismantling of the Islamist (informal) entities that have taken control of all state institutions and key sectors of the economy", she added.


Also present were regional and global dignitaries including Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and South Sudanese President Salva Kiir.

Also present were African Union and Ethiopian mediators, who helped broker the accord, and representatives from Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, all of which see themselves as influential in Khartoum.

Lieutenant General Mohammed Ali Ibrahim, a senior member of the Transitional Military Council, said Friday that the official signing would "reopen the door for Sudan's foreign relations".

But his trial has been postponed to an as yet undetermined date.

On Friday, Amnesty International warned against Mr Bashir's possibility of escaping a trial before the International Criminal Court, which issued two arrest warrants against him, including for "genocide" in Darfur.

Absent from Saturday's ceremony are also the various rebel groups from marginalised regions such as Darfur, Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan.

The constitutional declaration builds on a political declaration that was agreed by the military and protesters on July 17.

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