Climate change seen posing threat to global peace in next 10 years

Nearly a billion people facing high exposure to climate change effects, Global Peace Index finds

Since 2008, global peace has deteriorated by about 3.78%, although this year registered a slight improvement of 0.09% compared to the previous one, due to "the reduction in the severity of several conflicts, which led to a lower number of deaths and a decrease in the impact of terrorism".

External peace is measured by the following: military expenditure as a percentage of GDP, armed services personnel rate, United Nations peacekeeping funding, nuclear and heavy weapons capabilities, weapons exports, refugees and IDPs, neighbouring countries relations, external conflicts fought, and deaths from external conflicts.

IEP executive chairman Steve Killelea told the Thomson Reuters Foundation: "We can actually get a much better idea of which countries are most at risk, what are the types of risk and what would be the level of impact before it leads to a break or an implosion within the country".

"The fact that climate change is now part of the Global Peace Index underscores how multi-faceted this threat is and how quickly we need to act".

The index assigns each country a score between one and five, where one is the most peaceful and five is the least, based on 23 indicators ranging from homicide levels to weapons imports.

Four of the nine regions in the world improved in peacefulness in 2019: Russian Federation and Eurasia, Asia-Pacific, Europe, and MENA.

This was partly due to Syria losing its tag as the world's least peaceful country and Iraq showing signs of recovery.

Almost a billion people are facing climate change hazards globally, with the Asia-Pacific region housing twice as many people living in areas with high exposure than all other regions combined, a new report has revealed.

Despite all the violence and conflicts of the world has become, for the first time since 2013, a little more peaceful. The greatest increase in peacefulness occurred in the Russian Federation and Eurasia region, followed by the Middle East and North Africa. The neighbouring country Pakistan has been ranked 153rd on the index. The fall in conflict deaths has also been mirrored by a fall in deaths caused by terrorism. Russian Federation and Eurasia, Asia-Pacific, and MENA recorded improvements across all three GPI domains. The number of armed services personnel per 100,000 people has fallen in 117 countries, and military expenditure as a percentage of GDP fell in 98 countries, with only 63 countries increasing their spending. Clearly it is good news that state sponsored terror has declined markedly over the last decade, with 62 countries improving their scores while only 42 deteriorated.

"Although peace has improved ... a deeper analysis finds a mixture of positive and negative trends", Mr Killelea said.

While most and least peaceful countries remain the margin, there is a growing gap of countries under risk of becoming unstable in between. Ten per cent of these people, or 103.7 million, are living in areas of countries ranked in the bottom 25 countries on the GPI: South Sudan, Iraq, Libya, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, North Korea, Nigeria and Mexico. Syria suffered the worst at 67 per cent.

Related:

Comments

Latest news

U.S. Open Live Stream
Opens, rode a wave of momentum into Pebble Beach, coming off a rampaging win at the Canadian Open. So did Fowler, Xander Schauffele , Louis Oosthuizen and Aaron Wise , all in a group at 5 under.

You may be eating a credit card's worth of plastic each week
People around the world ingest an average of 5 grams of plastic per week, equivalent to a standard credit card, a study found on Wednesday...

Huawei files to trademark mobile OS around the world after U.S. ban
While it is still believed that creating a market-ready alternative to Android is near impossible, the report says otherwise. Andrew Williamson, vice-president of Huawei's public affairs and communications, said Hongmeng was moving forward.

Police arrest suspect in murders of Muhlaysia Booker, other trans women
A video of the incident showed a man putting on gloves and punching her repeatedly, giving her a concussion and a broken wrist. Kendrell Lavar Lyles , 34, was arrested earlier this month in connection to the killing of Muhlaysia Booker in May.

How Arsenal Transfer News Affect Their Odds to Win?
Other players rumored to be destined for Arsenal include; Sokratis Papastathopoulos, from Borussia Dortmund, and Saul Niguez. If they are rumored to buy an elite player, during the transfer window, they play well which increases the odds of winning.

Other news