Challenge to NYC's vaccination order in the works

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But city health officials say they have they have struck the right balance with the unusual order, and they hope a mixture of outreach and prodding will overcome resistance to vaccines in a slice of the predominantly Orthodox Jewish community hardest hit by the disease.

While none of the infected children attend public schools or childcare programs, the Health Department is still in the process of gathering the information necessary to identify any locations where these children may have exposed others. At the time, my medical colleagues and I hailed the end of this risky virus that infected more than 4 million people per year, hospitalized 50,000, and killed 500, before the measles vaccine program began in 1963.

Like all but three USA states, NY requires a series of vaccinations for school-age children but has until now granted exemptions on both medical and religious grounds.

New York City on Tuesday declared a public health emergency in ultra-Orthodox Jewish communities in Brooklyn because of a measles outbreak and ordered mandatory measles vaccinations. But two years ago, measles cases unexpectedly popped upward again, rising 30 percent in a single year. Two of the infected children developed pneumonia and had to be hospitalized as a result. There is no scientific evidence for this, and by not vaccinating your child you are only putting your children and everyone else at risk.

For that reason, countless rabbinical figures and leaders, including leading rabbis in the Agudath Israel movement and doctors serving these communities, have repeatedly encouraged vaccination in the strongest possible terms.

Sheffield said symptoms of measles include coughing, runny nose, sneezing and a high fever, which leads to a head-to-toe rash four days later.

Measles is highly contagious, and nine out of 10 people who are not immune and are exposed to measles will become infected. Over the years, these vaccines have saved many lives, while causing few to no side effects.

"I don't expect that people are running out [to get vaccinated]".

At least 90 percent of the public should be vaccinated to properly protect the community at large, he said.

The CDC blames measles outbreaks across the United States on two factors: an increase in the number of people who bring measles into the country from overseas and pockets of unvaccinated people living here.

"It's really scary out there", she said. To them, fear of the unknown outweighs fear of a disease that they have never seen in their lifetime. Those who refused to get immunized within 48 hours will risk receiving violation tickets or incurring fines of $1,000.

In a Twitter post, Mayor de Blasio emphasized that "vaccines are safe and effective-and that they work". "I don't think they should be getting fined, I think another penalty should be given", said Charlette Hamlin, 36, who is in favor of vaccinations for all.

As a parent, I can wholeheartedly understand the concern when it comes to introducing something foreign to my children. Similarly, autism is more common in those who have epilepsy and that children aged 18-24 months who have autism begin to regress if epilepsy appears, like what happened to McCarthy's son. Before researchers developed a vaccine, this disease once affected millions in the USA and hospitalized tens of thousands every year.

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