On 30 January 1972 soldiers from the British Parachute Regiment opened fire on Irish Catholic civil rights demonstrators in the Bogside district of Londonderry, the second biggest city in Northern Ireland, killing 13 people. 13 people were killed and a further person later died from their injuries.
A former paratrooper, known only as soldier F, will be charged with two murders and four attempted murders, the Public Prosecution Service announced on Thursday.
"His entire family had attended the march after going to Mass together".
According to the Saville report, James Wray was shot twice - once as he ran away, and once as he was on the ground. Wray was shot in the back and shot again while wounded.
"But I'm very saddened for the other Bloody Sunday families who have not got justice here today and whose hearts must be broken and sore now", his brother told the BBC. However, he could be identified when he is brought to trial.
UK Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson said the government would offer full legal support to Soldier F - including paying his legal costs and providing welfare support.
Within weeks of the shootings, the British prime minister imposed direct British rule, which lasted until the 1998 Good Friday peace deal set out complex power-sharing arrangements for Northern Ireland.
"Our serving and former personnel can not live in constant fear of prosecution", he said.
Northern Ireland's Public Prosecution Service declined to charge another 16 former soldiers from the same battalion, citing insufficient evidence. He can not be named due to an anonymity order but is believed to be aged in his 60s or 70s. "In these circumstances, the evidential test for prosecution is not met".
The dignity and determination with which the Bloody Sunday families have conducted their struggle for truth and justice over the past 47 years has been a source of inspiration.
Ex-British soldier to be charged in Bloody Sunday murders
Mr Herron said he was conscious that relatives faced an "extremely hard day".
"As prosecutors, we are required to be wholly objective in our approach". On Thursday, Northern Ireland's Public Prosecution Service (PPS) is due to make its decisions public.
"The decision to prosecute just one ex-soldier does not change the fact that Bloody Sunday was a massacre of innocents", said Sinn Fein's Northern Ireland leader, Michelle O'Neill.
William McKinney's brother Michael said it was "disappointing" for families who had not received news of prosecutions.
They have clung to the hope of "illumination" for 50 years.
"All victims' families deserve, and must have access to, effective investigations into killings that took place, and have the opportunity to find justice in accordance with the law and regardless of the perpetrator".
The U.K. government initially claimed the soldiers were responding to gunfire from nearby buildings - a finding that was supported by an early investigation called the Widgery Report.
In 2010, then British prime minister David Cameron issued a formal state apology for the killings, calling them "unjustified and unjustifiable".
"We share that disappointment and the sense of incredulity at this decision, given the clearly established facts about the actions of the British Army on Bloody Sunday".
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