Those aged between six and 16 can not be banned from attending school, but their parents face fines if they do not complete the mandatory course of immunisations.
New data from Italy's health ministry suggests that the laws are making a difference, with 94 per cent of children having at least one dose of the measles vaccine in June 2018, up two per cent in just six months as parents may have vaccinated their children in anticipation of the new requirements.
Italian children have been told not to turn up for school or preschool if they are not vaccinated. The waiver was heavily criticised by the scientific and medical community, which said it could reverse progress made in boosting Italy's vaccination rates in recent years.
"Italy's measles vaccine coverage was par with Namibia, lower than Ghana", commented Roberto Burioni, a professor of microbiology and virology at San Raffaele University in Milan.
Apple Announces Services Event for March 25
The TV service is expected to launch globally, an ambitious move to rival services from Netflix and Amazon.com's Prime Video. BuzzFeed News reporter John Paczkowski points out that Apple also used the slogan for a 2006 event to preview Apple TV .