Last Five Years are the Warmest since 1880

2014- 2018 global temperatures GIF

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or NOAA, along with the space agency NASA, released a report on Wednesday on last year's temperature data from around the world.

While 2018 was slightly cooler than the three prior years, Earth still had its fourth-warmest year since scientists began keeping records in 1880, the federal agencies said.

The 2018 temperatures rank just behind those of 2016, 2017 and 2015, and 2014 was the fifth warmest.

NASA, in a statement, said the past five years are, collectively, the warmest years in the modern record.

NASA's analysis found that temperatures were 1.5 degrees Fahrenheit (0.83 degrees Celsius) above the mean from 1951 to 1980.

Using computer simulations, the British weather office forecast s that the next five years will average somewhere between 58.51 and 59.49 degrees (14.73 to 15.27 Celsius). "There's no question." And the cause is clear too, he adds: "It's because of the increases in the greenhouse gases that we put into the atmosphere over the last 100 years".

In 2015, nearly 200 governments adopted the Paris climate agreement to phase out the use of fossil fuels and limit the rise in temperatures between 1.5C to 2C, to avert "dangerous" man-made climate change.

Arndt says 2018 "was an exclamation point, I think, on a trend that we're seeing toward more big rain, particularly in the eastern United States".

"We're no longer talking about a situation where global warming is something in the future", said Gavin A. Schmidt, who is the director of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies. It also said that the 20 warmest years in history all occurred within the last 22 years.

The data indicate that global warming shows no sign of stopping.

Last year, 29 countries - including much of Europe and the Middle East - and the continent of Antarctica had their hottest years on record, said Zeke Hausfather, a climate scientist with the nonprofit research organization. According to NASA and NOAA, there were a total of 14 billion-dollar weather and climate disaster events in the U.S.in 2018 alone, costing the nation $91 billion in direct economic damages and resulting in 247 deaths.

Government shutdowns can delay the collection and timely release of important scientific information, as was the case with the information released today.

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