Frank Robinson, MLB Hall of Famer and Pioneering Manager, Dead at 83

Frank Robinson

An MVP with Cincinnati and Baltimore, he won the Triple Crown while leading the Orioles to their first World Series championship in 1966. "He was one of the greatest players in the history of our game, but that was just the beginning of a multifaceted baseball career".

More than half the major league teams have had black managers since his debut with Cleveland.

Robinson, who spent the majority of his playing career with the Cincinnati Reds and Baltimore Orioles, is the only player in MLB history to have won the Most Valuable Player Award in both the National and American Leagues.

Robinson is now 10th on the all-time home run list with 586.

Robinson, who led the AL with a.316 average, 47 home runs and 122 runs batted in, was the first Triple Crown victor since 1947. He later became baseball's first African-American manager.

"As a rule, I'm reluctant to express admiration for hitters, but I make an exception for Frank Robinson", Gibson wrote.

He was the Rookie of the Year in 1956 when he hit a rookie-record 38 homers for the Reds, and won the Triple Crown in 1966 during his first season with the Orioles.

Robinson also managed San Francisco, Baltimore and Montreal.

Frank Robinson, right, with Pete Rose before a spring training game in 1966. His No. 20 was also retired by the Reds, Orioles and Indians.

Robinson later spent several years working as an executive for Major League Baseball and for a time oversaw the annual Civil Rights Game.

For all he did on and off the field, Robinson was presented the Presidential Medal of Freedom by George W. Bush in 2005.

Born in Beaumont, Texas, Robinson was raised in west Oakland where he attended McClymonds High School along with future NBA Hall of Famer Bill Russell.

The Robinson family has asked that in lieu of flowers, contributions in his memory can be made to the National Civil Rights Museum in Memphis or the National Museum of African American History and Culture in Washington, D.C.

Robinson, who also reached the 1961 World Series with the Reds, was traded by the Orioles to the Los Angeles Dodgers in December 1971. He was Rookie of the Year and went on to play for the Reds until 1965.

When he arrived in Baltimore, Robinson and his family struggled to find housing in the city, with many landlords refusing black tenants.

"Frank Robinson might have been the best I ever saw at turning his anger into runs".

Robinson had coached for the Orioles and worked in their front office when he became their manager in 1988 after the team opened at 0-6.

Robinson was 1,065-1,176 over his 16 years as a manager, and though he never made the playoffs, he also mentored Dusty Baker and Joe Morgan, who would follow in his footsteps.

"I'll tell you what about that team", Robinson told Eisenberg.

Robinson then hit the next pitch into the left-center field seats for a home run.

Robinson is survived by his wife, Barbara Ann, and two children, Frank Kevin and Nichelle.

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