British MPs reject Theresa May's Brexit deal: What next?

British House of Commons to vote on Brexit withdrawal agreement

Since both Britain and Ireland are now part of the European Union with its single market, people and goods flow freely between Ireland and Northern Ireland., with no need for customs checks.

"No it is not flawless".

Barnier said that any future deal would still have to include approving the withdrawal agreement, the 585-page document which the British parliament rejected on Tuesday. "But tonight's vote tells us nothing about what it does support - nothing about how - or even if - it intends to honor the decision the British people took in a referendum Parliament chose to hold". It was the biggest defeat for a government in the House of Commons in more than a century. She was expected to lose despite last-minute campaigning for the widely unpopular deal she had brokered with the EU.

First, we now know for certain what had been assumed to be the case for some time: A majority of United Kingdom lawmakers, on all sides of the Brexit divide, so disliked the deal May had cooked up with the European Union that they were willing to kill it. The other two seek to limit the most contentious section of the deal, a temporary customs union with the EU meant to keep the border between Northern Ireland and Ireland barrier-free after Brexit.

It is far from certain that Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn can muster the numbers to topple May and her ministers in Wednesday's vote and likely force a national election, although he has capitalized on the government's discomfort with Brexit by focusing his efforts on popular domestic policies such as re-nationalizing the U.K.'s notoriously rickety railways.

Following are some of the key reactions to Tuesday night's huge defeat for British Prime Minister Theresa May.

At the same time, opponents of May's deal looked to ways to maximize the scale of her defeat in an effort to move the debate on.

As MPs voted, noisy crowds of pro- and anti-Brexit protesters in Parliament Square could be heard inside the Palace of Westminster. "A new plan is needed immediately".

December 12, 2018 - In response, enough discontented Tory MPs write letters of no confidence to reach the threshold for a vote in her leadership, which she wins by 200 to 117 the following day. Ahead of Tuesday's Brexit vote, he said if the deal is defeated as he hopes it will be, the blame will "lie firmly with the government and firmly at the feet of the prime minister".

While some European Union leaders and many British lawmakers have suggested that Britain might want to change its mind, Britain's leaders are concerned that to stop Brexit could alienate the 17.4 million people who voted to leave.

"At that point, it's clear in our constitutional arrangement, the only thing you can do is go back to the country for a clear decision and direction", he said.

A much larger rally nearby in support of a second referendum turned Parliament Square into a sea of European Union flags.

And of course, a potential no-deal Brexit looms. Brexit could disrupt that easy movement, upending lives and businesses, and undercutting a fragile peace process. After Brexit, the border will be the U.K.'s only land frontier with the EU. As a result, Brexit Secretary Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for Work and Pensions Esther McVey, Minister of State for Northern Ireland Shailesh Vara as well as several deputy ministers resigned.

Most lawmakers opposed Brexit, as did May herself and leading members of her government, ahead of the June 2016 referendum on European Union membership, which has caused bitter divisions across the island nation.

One of the biggest issues with the Brexit deal is the so-called backstop along the Irish border.

The Times says Britain should now "brace itself for a prolonged period of chaos".



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