Toddler with rare blood type sparks worldwide search for donor

Worldwide Donor Hunt to Help Girl with Rare Blood Type

A worldwide search is under way to find specific donors with a rare blood type who could help save a two-year-old girl with an aggressive cancer.

In order to meet the said pre-requisites, the blood donation organisation has made a decision to expand its search across the globe with an aim to raise 7-10 donors to donate blood over the period of Zainab's treatment.

The reason it needs such a wide-reaching effort: Zainab requires "O" or "A" blood types, and only from donors whose birth parents are 100% Iranian, Pakistani, or Indian.

Zainab Mughal, 2, is missing a common Indian-B antigen, meaning she'll need a rare donor who is also missing that antigen.

Zainab Mughal was diagnosed with neuroblastoma two months ago. "This was the worst thing we were expecting".

The cancer can spread to tissues beyond the original site, including bone marrow, bone, lymph nodes, liver and skin.

According to St Jude Children's Research Hospital, neuroblastoma accounts for seven to 10 percent of childhood cancers.

Her parents' blood is not compatible, said the child's father Raheel Mughal. Around 800 new cases are diagnosed in the USA every year. Indian B, which most people carry in their red blood cells.

OneBlood runs blood donor centers across the Southeast.

As the search continues, the little girl's family is already expressing gratitude to all the people who have shown up with a desire to help Zainab in her battle with cancer.

"The possibility of us finding a compatible donor for this little girl within the right ethnic group we want to screen is less than four percent", says Frieda Bright, OneBlood's Reference Laboratory Manager.

More than 1,000 donations have been tested to match her blood.

"My daughter's life very much depends on the blood", Mughal said, describing the plea for help as a "humble request" from his heart.

Because of the requirements needed to be met, OneBlood chose to go worldwide with its search in hopes of finding 7-10 donors to help over the course of Zainab's treatment.

"What you're doing to save a human life, my daughter's life, is incredible", shared Mughal.



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