Canadian David Saint-Jacques reaches the International Space Station

A Soyuz rocket takes flight

This is the first manned Russian rocket launch since a dramatic Soyuz failure on October 11.

The Soyuz rocket's journey to the International Space Station took approximately six hours, and it docked at 12:40 p.m. EST.

Monday's launch was needed to guarantee that the ISS was not left unmanned after the station's current crew returns to earth later this month.

US astronaut Anne McClain, centre, Russian cosmonaut Оleg Kononenko, bottom, and CSA astronaut David Saint Jacques, crew members of the mission to the International Space Station, ISS, wave as they board the rocket prior to the launch of Soyuz-FG rocket at the Russian leased Baikonur cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, Monday, Dec. 3, 2018.

A Soyuz MS-11, carrying one astronaut each from the U.S. and Canada and a cosmonaut from Russian Federation, has been successfully launched to the International Space Station (ISS) on Monday and has safely reached orbit, the USA space agency NASA said in a statement. After two hours waiting in their capsule to confirm their ship was firmly docked to the station, they exited the capsule to join three astronauts already aboard the orbiting outpost at 1:37 a.m.

The October accident marked the first Soyuz malfunction in the space system's decades as a reliable workhorse for Russia's space program.

Last month, Roscosmos tweeted a video of the October 11 failed Soyuz rocket launch that forced NASA astronaut Nick Hague and Russian cosmonaut Alexey Ovchinin into making a harrowing emergency landing.

McClain Saint-Jacques and Kononenkoof before launch
McClain Saint-Jacques and Kononenkoof before

The International Space Station is about to get three new residents. They are scheduled to return to Earth on December 20. They managed to emerge safely from a harrowing ordeal.

Investigators blamed a faulty sensor which they said had been damaged during assembly at the Kazakh site.

They escaped unharmed but the failed launch - the first such incident in Russia's post-Soviet history - raised concerns about the state of the Soyuz programme.

NASA announced Monday that Hague and Ovchinin will now launch to the space station on February 28, along with NASA astronaut Christina Hammock Koch.

Minutes after take off, Roscosmos said the capsule was in orbit.

Nasa administrator, Jim Bridenstine confirmed on Twitter that the crew were "safely in orbit" and thanked the United States and Russian teams "for their dedication to making this launch a success".

The Soyuz spacecraft is now the only vehicle that can ferry crews to the space station, but Russian Federation stands to lose that monopoly in the coming years with the arrival of SpaceX's Dragon and Boeing's Starliner crew capsules.

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