Iraq's Murad and Congolese Mukwege win 2018 Nobel Peace Prize

Nobel Peace Prize goes to Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad

This combination created on October 5, 2018 of file pictures shows Congolese gynecologist Denis Mukwege (October 24, 2016 in Paris) and Nadia Murad, public advocate for the Yazidi community in Iraq and survivor of sexual enslavement by the Islamic State jihadists (June 21, 2016 in Washington, DC).

The prize committee described Mukwege as "the foremost, most unifying symbol, both nationally and internationally, of the struggle to end sexual violence in war and armed conflicts." stressing his mantra that "justice is everyone's business".

"This Nobel prize is a recognition of the suffering and the failure to adequately compensate women who are victims of rape and sexual violence in all countries around the world", he told reporters gathered outside his clinic. Since then, he has treated thousands of women who have been raped during war, and has spoken publicly about such abuses as an global affliction.

Ms Murad is one of an estimated 3,000 Yazidi girls and women who were victims of rape and other abuses by the IS army. In August 2014 the Islamic State (IS) launched a brutal, systematic attack on the villages of the Sinjar district, aimed at exterminating the Yazidi population.

A combination picture shows the Nobel Prize for Peace 2018 winners: Yazidi survivor Nadia Murad (L) posing for a portrait at United Nations headquarters in New York, US, March 9, 2017 (L) and Denis Mukwege delivering a speech during an award ceremony to receive his 2014 Sakharov Prize at the European Parliament in Strasbourg, France, November 26, 2014.

He founded Panzi Hospital in 1999, just as eastern Congo was overtaken by a new wave of violence that became infamous for its brutality, particularly toward women. In 2016, at age 23, she was made a United Nations goodwill ambassador for the dignity of survivors of human trafficking. He faced great personal risk in doing so: Armed men tried to kill him in 2012, forcing him to temporarily leave the country.

A captive of the ISIS, Murad was repeatedly subjected to rape. Mr Mukwege is a Congolese gynaecologist who has treated victims.

Nadia Murad fell victim to war crimes as a member of Iraq's Yazidi minority, which Islamic State militants set out to destroy in 2014.

In April, South Korean leader Moon Jae-in called for President Trump to win the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to end hostilities on the Korean peninsula.

Three scientists won the Nobel Prize in chemistry Wednesday for using a sped-up version of evolution to create new proteins that have led to a best-selling drug and other products.

The prize, worth nine million Swedish crowns (S$1.3 million), will be presented in Oslo on Dec 10.

After the award was announced, Murad's brother told Norwegian public broadcaster NRK, "She's crying right now".

Some recent awards have been controversial: former USA president Barack Obama won in 2009 after less than a year in office, and the European Union won in 2012.

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