Youth e-cigarette use up 50 percent since 2014

Ученые подтвердили бесполезность частичного отказа от курения

"Smoking remains the leading cause of preventable deaths in the United States, and almost all large employers offer wellness programs aimed at getting people to quit", Scott D. Halpern quoted in a statement.

The study appears in the The Journal of Physiology. Specifically, they say that cigarette smoke can reduce the number of blood vessels in leg muscles, which reduces the overall flow of oxygen and vital nutrients. In other words, unless those invited decided not to participate, they were enrolled.

The study involving mice was not able to identify which of the 4,000 chemicals in cigarette smoke were responsible for this damage, however the researchers are hoping to investigate this further. Participants were assigned to one of four smoking cessation intervention groups or usual care (consisting of access to information regarding the benefits of quitting smoking and a motivational text-messaging service). Additionally, the bill expands Massachusetts' Smoke-Free Workplace Law to include e-cigarettes and vapes, thereby ensuring that all tobacco and vapor products will be banned in establishments where the use of traditional tobacco is now prohibited.

The results: Only 0.1 percent in the usual care group succeeded; rates ranged from 0.5 percent to almost 3 percent for the rest. This framed the deposit account in terms of potential losses, in contrast to the incentive framing of the reward group, in which additional money was added to the reward for each goal met. In the delayed reward group, 2 percent managed to quit for six months and 2.9 percent who were given a bank account upfront stayed cigarette-free for at least six months.

With the long and short-term health effect still unknown, it can be hard to know whether to make the switch from traditional tobacco and use this to quit smoking.

Eighty participants, or 1.3 percent of the study population, successfully kept from smoking for 6 months past the target quit date.

Free smoking cessation aids, such as nicotine patches and chewing gum, are a staple of many corporate wellness programs aimed at encouraging employees to kick the habit. Those receiving financial incentives were up to three times more likely to quit than those given free e-cigarettes. In other words, none of these strategies were much more effective than the others. They were dubbed the "engaged" group and had sustained quit rates four to six times higher than less-engaged members of group.

Researchers cautioned that more studies are required to confirm whether CBD is an effective treatment for giving up smoking.

Success rates were higher - from 0.7 percent to almost 13 percent - among 1,200 smokers who actively participated.

But when the cessation aids were coupled with cold hard cash the success rates tripled.

It's a big question for smokers and policymakers alike: Do electronic cigarettes help people quit? The low engagement in this study, the authors write, demonstrates the "real-world effects employers can expect when offering these programs to all employees who smoke". The makers of NJOY e-cigarettes provided them but had no role in the research.

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