It added that the missiles targeted depots and rocket launchers that likely belonged to Iran's Revolutionary Guards. The strike began within an hour of the end of President Trump's speech withdrawing the USA from the Iran nuclear deal.
Bahrain is a close ally of Saudi Arabia and the two countries, whose foreign policies are often in lockstep, view Iran as the chief threat to the region. Fill us in on the details.
Israel's political and security establishment has been unified and vocal in vowing to thwart Iran's efforts to entrench itself militarily across Israel's northern frontier and to build what Israeli and USA officials refer to as a land corridor from Iran, through Iraq and Syria, to Lebanon.
The Israeli military said that, upon identifying "irregular activity" by Iranian forces in Syria, it instructed civic authorities on the Golan Heights to ready bomb shelters, deployed new defenses and mobilized some reservist forces. The Israeli military said its Iron Dome rocket defense system intercepted some of the incoming projectiles, while others caused only minimal damage. An Israeli official said Israel was targeting Iranian positions inside Syria.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu traveled to Moscow on Wednesday to meet with President Vladimir Putin and discuss military coordination in Syria.
In Iran's first official reaction to the attack, a Friday report in state-run IRNA quoted Foreign Ministry spokesman Bahram Ghasemi as saying the Israeli attack on Syria under "fabricated and baseless excuses" is a breach of the national sovereignty and territorial integrity of Syria.
Israel became concerned about the possible arrival of a new defense system in Syria after a wave of airstrikes on targets in Syrian by French, British and USA fighter planes in April. Iran's rocket attack also came a couple days after President Trump announced he was pulling out of the 2015 Iran nuclear deal.
Russian Federation sent forces to Syria to back President Bashar Assad in 2015.
Southern Syria was quiet but tense on Friday, with monitors saying that Syrian, Iranian and allied Lebanese forces from Hezbollah were still on high alert.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron are calling for de-escalation in the Middle East after an alleged Iranian rocket barrage on Israeli positions in the Golan Heights prompted Israeli strikes on Iranian targets in Syria. Tehran blamed Israel and vowed to retaliate.
The Golan flare-up with Israel "is just further demonstration that the Iranian regime can not be trusted and another good reminder that the president made the right decision to get out of the Iran deal", White House press secretary Sarah Sanders told Fox News.
Israel has often reiterated one of its red lines that it will not allow Iran to establish a military presence in Syria. He says: "I hope we don't see any direct conflict between these superpowers, because this is where things are going to be out of control for the rest of the world".
An official with the Iran-led regional alliance supporting regime head Bashar Assad said the strike targeted a regime position, but killed a Syrian man and his wife who happened to be passing by in their auto. So far Russian Federation has done little if anything to limit the Israeli air force's freedom of movement in the skies over Lebanon and Syria.
"Israel has entered a unsafe game", Allaeddine Boroujerdi said during a visit to the Portuguese capital Lisbon. Israel responded by attacking anti-aircraft positions in Syria, but an Israeli warplane was shot down during the battle.