The African continent might be splitting in two, a phenomenon happening due to the movement of tectonic plates.
It is assumed that this had happened earlier too when South American and African which was one continent broke in two. As well as if you require any type of evidence, look no more compared to Kenya's Rift Valley, where a titan, open tear opened adhering to hefty rainfalls as well as seismic task, inning accordance with Face2Face Africa.
It may be mentioned that the lithosphere is made of broken plates.
The rift is a narrow zone that is a developing divergent tectonic plate boundary, where the African Plate is in the process of splitting into two tectonic plates, called the Somali Plate and the Nubian Plate, at a rate of 6-7 mm (0.24-0.28 in) annually. As extension continues, lithospheric rupture will occur within 10 million years, the Somali plate will break off, and a new ocean basin will form. Beneath this rift, the rise of a large mantle plume is doming the lithosphere upwards, causing it to weaken as a result of the increase in temperature, undergo stretching and breaking by faulting. This superplume is not only a widely-accepted source of the pull-apart forces that are resulting in the formation of the rift valley but has also been used to explain the anomalously high topography of the Southern and Eastern African Plateaus. In the East African system, a series of aligned rift valleys separated from each other by large bounding faults can be clearly seen from space.
The fractures that formed the rift started 30 million years ago in northern Ethiopia and reached Zimbabwe at a rate of 2.5-5 cm per year.
A massive piece of East Africa will break off from the main continent, although certainly not in our lifetimes, according to a groundbreaking new study. Most of Africa sits on top of the African Plate.
The East African Rift is unique in that it allows us to observe different stages of rifting along its length. Volcanism and seismicity are limited. These processes further thin the lithosphere in saturated areas, forcing the thinning lithosphere to behave like a mid-ocean ridge. He stated that once the split progresses along its entire length, the Ocean will flood the region making the African continent smaller than it is now.
It's also not the first time that huge crevices have opened up in the Horn of Africa region: scientists have recorded new splits in the Afar Triangle, which cuts across Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Djibouti.
According to geologist David Ahede, what's now happening is the Somali plate moving slowly away from the Nubian plate at a rate of 2.5 centimeters per year. Read the original article.
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