US President Donald Trump upheld US participation in the Iran nuclear deal on Friday (Jan 12) by granting Teheran relief from US sanctions but aides said it would be the last time he would do so. Under the deal, the US President must sign a waiver suspending the US sanctions on Iran every 120 days.
Trump on Friday gave an ultimatum to "either fix the deal's disastrous flaws, or the United States will withdraw".
Iran "will not accept any amendments in this agreement, be it now or in the future, and it will not allow any other issues to be linked to the JCPOA", the foreign ministry said in a statement, using the 2015 deal's technical name.
"Instead, I have outlined two possible paths forward: either fix the deal's disastrous flaws, or the United States will withdraw". Trump has repeatedly criticized the accord, while Iran has accused the US of failing to comply with it.
Trump is also urging Congress to reform United States law so the president is no longer required to declare every 90 days whether he thinks Iran is in compliance, or to renew sanctions waivers every 120 or 180 days.
That follow-on agreement must eliminate sunset provisions included in the 2015 agreement, according to the White House, which objects to the fact some restrictions on Iran's nuclear program expire after between 10 and 25 years. Iran must allow "immediate inspections at all sites requested by worldwide inspectors", he said, and "sunset" provisions imposing limits on Iran's nuclear programme must not expire.
Russian Federation - one of the parties to the Iran pact alongside the United States, China, France, Britain, Germany and the European Union - called Trump's comments "extremely negative".
Trump will reportedly point to Iran's ballistic missile testing, human rights violations and alleged support for terrorism as justification for the new sanctions. JCPOA (the nuclear deal) is not renegotiable: "rather than repeating exhausted rhetoric, USA must bring itself into full compliance - just like Iran", Mohammad Javad Zarif wrote on his Twitter account.
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif responded on Twitter that the deal was not renegotiable and that Trump's stance "amounts to desperate attempts to undermine a solid multilateral agreement".
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This would not entail negotiations with Iran but would be the result of talks with European allies, the official said.
A decision to withhold a waiver would have effectively ended the deal that limits Iran's nuclear programme.
In his statement Friday, Trump said he remained open to revising the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act, or INARA.
Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Bob Corker has been working on amending a USA law to include "trigger points" that if crossed by Iran would automatically bring back United States sanctions.
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