Arjen Robben announced his retirement from the Netherlands after his two goals against Sweden were not enough for the Dutch to qualify for the World Cup.
But Dick Advocaat's side were unable to increase their advantage after the break and will now miss the World Cup in Russian Federation next year, while Sweden will be in the play-off draw on October 17.
His haul of 96 caps also makes him their ninth most regular global, though that impressive figure remains one clipped by numerous injuries.
Four years later, Robben was again in fine form as he helped Louis Van Gaal's team to an unlikely third place finish at the 2014 World Cup, in Brazil.
The brace today means Robben finishes his worldwide career with 37 goals in 96 caps.
"We knew we didn't have a chance but it was an unbelievable game".
Robben said: "I want to focus on my club now".
Arjen Robben took the resulting spot kick and nearly messed up the Panenka finish as the ball dribbled over the line past the outstrecthed boot of goalkeeper Robin Olsen.
Netherlands ideally needed a three or four goal advantage at half time to really rattle the Swedes, who took the life out of their opponents by surviving the opening 20 minutes of the second period without scare.
Robben's second goal, however, was a sweeping finish after the ball was laid back to him in the Swedish area.
France pass test to clinch World Cup spot
Midfielder Oliver Thill's first worldwide goal put Luxembourg ahead in the third minute in a 1-1 home draw with Bulgaria . But the Netherlands' 2-0 home win against Sweden was in vain as it failed to reach its second straight major tournament.