Workload: Primary teaching hours up by more than a third, OECD finds

Teachers in England and Scotland have seen their baseline salaries fall in the past ten years

Israel spends a higher percentage of GDP on its education than most of the developed world.

Early childhood: nearly twice as many 2-year-olds are in preschool education in New Zealand (65%) than across the OECD (39%), although the numbers range widely from none in Ireland to 95% in Iceland, partly because of definitional differences.

With Israel's mandatory early childhood education program beginning at age three, Israel and the United Kingdom had the highest enrollment of three-year-olds, reported to be 100%, compared to the OECD average of 78%.

On average, primary school teachers in OECD countries are required to teach for 794 hours a year, and secondary teachers are in class 704 hours a year.

Teacher pay: Primary teachers after 15 years' service earned nearly exactly the same in 2015 ($59,259 at today's exchange rate) as the OECD average ($59,152), but much less than in Australia ($81,918).

However, it should be noted that Israeli teachers work significantly fewer hours than their OECD counterparts.

While teachers' pay in Estonia is comparable to that of specialists with the same level of education in other fields, the occupation remains unpopular, the report highlighted.


The salaries of some Irish teachers are above average, according to the data collected from the OECD in 2015. But it also spends among the lowest in the 35 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries per student and for pay per teacher.

"While the rest of the world has prioritized teaching and learning, and is investing heavily in equity and teacher preparation, 36 US states are spending less on education than before the Great Recession", said Randi Weingarten, president of the American Federation of Teachers, in a statement on the findings.

Universities New Zealand director Chris Whelan said this was partly because New Zealand had the second-highest proportion of worldwide students - 21% of all tertiary students, compared with 16% in Australia and an OECD average of just 6%.

It also showed that the baseline salary, before tax, of a secondary school teacher with 10 years of experience was around £33,233, lower than in 13 other places.

ASTI general secretary Kieran Christie said the findings were "a fine testament to a system that is working hard and achieving successful outcomes for Ireland's young people, despite continuing under-investment". Despite the improvement trend in wages, the average salary of a teacher in Israeli primary education is 69% of the salary of his colleagues in the OECD. 'While the proportion of male teachers in primary schools is relatively small in many countries, in comparison there is an over-representation of male principals, ' the report says, adding 'This suggests that male teachers tend to be promoted to principal positions more often than female teachers - which is surprising, given that most principals are former teachers and most teachers are female'. The average number of compulsory instructional hours across the OECD is 7538.

Visit http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2017-en to download the full Education at a Glance 2017 report. The OECD average was 43%. 'These differences in relative salaries for men and women are likely to make the teaching profession more appealing to women, especially at the lower levels of education'. The fields with the highest shares of women amongst new entrants are health and welfare (79 per cent) and education (70 per cent). Only India had a higher figure at 38 percent, and the OECD average was 30 percent.

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