Azizul finished ahead of in-form Colombian Fabian Hernando Puerta Zapata and Czech Babek Thomas to become the new world champion for men's keirin.
Sam Welsford and Alexander Porter celebrated back-to-back gold medals, while veteran Cameron Meyer won his seventh world title and Nicholas Yallouris claimed his first.
Australia defended its title in the men's team pursuit on Thursday at the world track cycling championships.
Her previous golds: two in road cycling's junior worlds in September 2015 at Richmond, Va.; one in team pursuit in March 2016 at London (the United States' first world or Olympic gold in a women's team cycling event), and two in a track World Cup in February 2017 at Carson, Calif.
"I'm over the moon, it is a pretty special moment to win silver", Ankudinoff said.
"I was in a decent position most of the time, I had a little group tail but I just followed Felix [English] through".
"This final was very important for us because this time we beat the team", Voynova said. "There's three years to the Olympics, but this is the world championships, it's disappointing". "I can't believe it!" "They didn't expect anything more from me than what I expect from myself, so I think I'm in a good place".
"I am really happy to come away with a medal, finally", Latham told the BBC.
The defending champions and Olympic silver medallists won by almost 2.5 seconds over the 2015 winners in three minutes 51.503 seconds, outside the world record of 3:50.265 set by Britain at the Rio Games.
"I think all the other riders were focusing on the sprint to the finish line", Teklinski told AFP.
But in the event, there was no new record as the defending champions and Olympic silver-medallists clocked 3:51.503, beating New Zealand by almost 2.5sec.
"We had a time in mind". If you break the world record and that (win) comes along with it then that's the bonus.
It was New Zealand's first world championship medal in the event since the move to four-woman teams over 4000m, and their first since the bronze medal at Apeldoorn in 2011.
"That was my advice to the younger guys: "Let's win the world title".
Azizul only finished third behind reigning Commonwealth Games champion Matthew Glaetzer of Australia and Thomas, a two-time World Cup victor this season in the second round heat.
Russian Federation successfully defended the women's team sprint title they won in London past year with a narrow victory in the gold medal race with Australia.